Log in

Log in

The Ennedi Massif: Natural and cultural landscape – Chad’s second World Heritage site

18 years after an initiative taken by Stefan Kröpelin in 1999, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee has unanimously inscribed the Ennedi plateau in the northeast of Chad as one of the rare mixed natural and cultural sites at its 40th session in Istanbul.

The sandstone plateau in the size of Switzerland has been called the “Garden Eden of the Sahara”. It has been sculpted by water and wind erosion into a spectacular landscape featuring canyons, cliffs, labyrinths, natural arches or mushroom rocks. Permanent water pools play an essential role in the ecosystem and sustain relict flora and fauna as well as human life. Hundreds of superposed painted and engraved ensembles of rock art rank among the finest in the Sahara.

This achievement would not have been possible without the University of Cologne’s geological, archaeological, botanical, and ethnographical research completed within the CRCs 389 (ACACIA) and 806 (Our Way to Europe) since 2003, and by the unceasing support of the government, the local population, and Dr. Baba Mallaye, president of the World Heritage Technical Committee of Chad. It is an example of German-African cooperation in the host countries beyond scientific work.

 

A2 Kroepelin Fig 1 lhk 2016 07 250px
Ambassador Mahamat Saleh Adoum Djerou, the Minister of Culture and Tourism Dr. Mahamat Anadif Youssouf and Dr. Stefan Kröpelin at the 40th World Heritage committee session in Istanbul before the inscription (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tf6V5Nik8-4 starting at 2:28:15).
Photo: Stefan Kröpelin
  A2 Kroepelin Fig 2 lhk 2016 07 250pxThe 120 m high arch of Aloba in the Ennedi, second highest natural arch on Earth.
Photo: Stefan Kröpelin

 

Project

 

 

 

 

Raising the Sahara’s most complete climate record

Raising the Sahara’s most complete climate record

Coring the complete set of deposits at the bottom of a desert lake in northeast Chad in one of the driest and most isolated parts...

Exploring the subsurface – Geophysics in the Azraq...

Exploring the subsurface – Geophysics in the Azraq Basin, Northern Jordan

Non-invasive surface geophysical techniques are a useful tool to investigate the earth’s subsurface structure. In order to identif...

Advances in laboratory analyses of the Lake Yoa lo...

Advances in laboratory analyses of the Lake Yoa long core

While planned field work in Wadi Shati in Libya was impossible for obvious reasons, progress has been made on laboratory analyses...

Resolving sedimentary deposits in the Azraq Basin/...

Resolving sedimentary deposits in the Azraq Basin/Jordan using non-invasive geophysical techniques

A second geophysical field survey was undertaken in the Azraq Basin in October 2012.  

The lakes of Ounianga – Chad's first UNESCO World...

The lakes of Ounianga – Chad's first UNESCO World Heritage site

The 19 lakes of Ounianga in the hyperarid desert of northeastern Chad are the Sahara's most important relic from her early- to mid...

Into the Sahara Desert’s Deep Past. Expedition to...

Into the Sahara Desert’s Deep Past. Expedition to the Remote Tibesti Mountains

It is hard to believe: We have sent a probe 500 million km to a comet to analyze rock samples, but no geologist has yet dug his sp...

Applied Geophysics at Lake Chew Bahir, Southern Et...

Applied Geophysics at Lake Chew Bahir, Southern Ethiopia

In November/December 2014, four scientists from the Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology of the University of Cologne conducted...

Exploring sedimentary basins in the East-African R...

Exploring sedimentary basins in the East-African Rift Valley System

Three month after the first journey to Southern Ethiopia, a group of scientists from the Institute of Geophysics and Meteorology o...

Ennedi mission

Ennedi mission

In October 2015, A2 members followed an invitation for a field trip in the Ennedi massif of NE Chad. Main purpose was the evaluati...

The paradox of the Tibesti crater palaeolakes (Sah...

The paradox of the Tibesti crater palaeolakes (Sahara, Northwest Chad)

Recent field work in the Tibesti Mountains opens a new chapter in the reconstruction of the last climatic cycles in the central Sa...

Exhibition “Tibesti - Expedition in the Sahara” at...

Exhibition “Tibesti - Expedition in the Sahara” at the Kanzlergalerie

After the well-attended exhibitions on project A2’s geoarchaeological research and related World Heritage endeavours in Northern C...

Back from another mission in the Tibesti (Central...

Back from another mission in the Tibesti (Central Sahara)

A2 members just returned from another equally demanding as rewarding four-week expedition in the Tibesti mountains. The team compr...

The Ennedi Massif: Natural and cultural landscape...

The Ennedi Massif: Natural and cultural landscape – Chad’s second World Heritage site

18 years after an initiative taken by Stefan Kröpelin in 1999, UNESCO’s World Heritage Committee has unanimously inscribed the Enn...

 

logo koeln schrift 120x120 transparent

     logo uni bonn 153x40      dfg logo transparent
 

RWTH Aachen University

  logo geoverbund small 2 
logo qsga small new  
QR-Code
     
Copyright © 2018 CRC 806 - Our Way to Europe