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Project B2

Climatic and Environmental History of the Balkans During the Last Glacial Cycle

Principal Investigators: F. Schäbitz, M. Staubwasser

After leaving the Near East, some groups of Homo sapiens sapiens first arrived about (uncalibrated) 30-32 ka BP ago in the Balkans, as it is proven by human remains found in Romania. However, until now, due to the limitations of the anthropological data, only a patchy reconstruction of the routes into Europe was possible. The environmental context which enabled the first groups of Homo sapiens sapiens to enter Europe is still widely unknown and the detailed framework of climatic and environmental conditions still requires extensive research.

Thus, the overall objective of project B2 is to reconstruct the environmental history of the Balkan region during the last Glacial-Interglacial cycle on a sub-millennial time scale. For this purpose, long (>10 m) sediment records from the transboundary lakes Prespa (MK/AL/GR) and Dojran (MK/GR) will be recovered and investigated using a multidisciplinary approach. Both lakes are located in the main tree refugial areas of important central European forest species during the glacial. Hence, plant microfossil analyses and sedimentological and other micropalaeontological investigations on a submillennial scale in sediment sequences from these lakes will offer the opportunity to reconstruct even short time climate changes. Furthermore, pollen and ostracods offer the possibility to develop transfer functions in order to reconstruct quantitative changes in regional climate and hydrological conditions of the lakes. The results, in concert with those from other lake projects of the CRC, promise to add fundamentally to the understanding of the environmental conditions along the eastern pathway of human migration from Africa to Central Europe.

1st Phase - Research Programme 1st Phase - Results
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2nd Phase - Research Programme    
   
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Coring at the Balkans - Lake Prespa

Coring at the Balkans - Lake Prespa

Our fieldwork at Lake Prespa, a transboundary lake of tectonic origin situated at an altitude of approximately 849 m asl, took pla...

New coring in the Balkans – Two more metres from L...

New coring in the Balkans – Two more metres from Lake Prespa and a long sediment record from Lake Dojran

Our latest and very successful coring campaigns at Lake Prespa and Lake Dojran in the Balkans took place in summer 2011. We recove...

Project B2 at the AGU 2012

Project B2 at the AGU 2012

As the first phase of the B2 Project comes to an end, the B2 members presented their findings concerning climate oscillations duri...

Vegetation mapping and sampling of moss polsters a...

Vegetation mapping and sampling of moss polsters and soils in the Mohoş region, Romania

In June 2014, a group of environmental- and geoscientists of the CRC 806 at the University of Cologne completed successfully the f...

Drilling campaign in the Mohoş peat bog in the Eas...

Drilling campaign in the Mohoş peat bog in the Eastern Romanian Carpathians

In June/July 2014, our team (Maria Papadopoulou, Marc Bormann, Daniel Veres, Enikö Magyari and Frank Schäbitz) retrieved several m...

Paleovolcanology and late Pleistocene paleoenviron...

Paleovolcanology and late Pleistocene paleoenvironmental changes at Ciomadul, the youngest volcano of the Carpatho-Pannonian Region

On December 9th 2015, a conference regarding paleovolcanology and late Pleistocene paleoenvironmental changes at Ciomadul (Carpath...

B2 Project and European Pollen Database (EPD) Meet...

B2 Project and European Pollen Database (EPD) Meeting in Aix en Provence, France

Around 200 scientists with main interest in pollen analysis from all over Europe came together in the June of 2016 in Aix en Prove...

Human-landscape interactions in Halkidiki (NC Gree...

Human-landscape interactions in Halkidiki (NC Greece) over the last 3.5 millennia

The sediment core from Tristinika coastal marsh in the northern part of Central Greece is the first complete record of vegetation...

 

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