Log in

Log in

The estimation of geochemical provenance areas for the early Upper Palaeolithic of the Banat (SW-Romania)

Far too often does country- or language-specific nomenclature impede the estimation of the past lithic raw material economy. Sadly, the early Upper Palaeolithic raw material record of the open-air localities of the Banat in Southwest Romania is no exception. It is dominated by a rock in literature referred to as Silexul de tip bănăţean. Silexul means “[...] a wide range of hard rocks with sharp edges, from which Palaeolithic tools are forged” (F. Mogoşanu/M. Cârciumaru, Paleoliticul din Banat. Institutul de Arheologie-Bucureşti Biblioteca de Arheologie XXXII; Bucureşti 1978, p. 18) and cannot simply be translated to flint. Moreover, the identity of the other varieties is also far from straightforward.

It is hence proposed to consider only the geochemical make-up of the lithic records by means of X-ray fluorescence spectroscopy. Five distinct chemical groups were discerned and used as guides to delineate the areas, in which the outcrops of these groups should occur. Further research will combine the results of this provenance study with data on lithic technology and cortex.

 

A1 Leonard Fig 1 lhk 2016 04 250px
Geochemical provenance areas in SW-Romania according to the distribution of metal ores with geochemical fingerprints of the early Upper Palaeolithic lithic record of the Banat.
Mapping: Ine Léonard

Project

 

 

Geophysics and handaxes in Northern Jordan

Geophysics and handaxes in Northern Jordan

Spring of 2011 saw scientists from project B1 (F. Lehmkuhl, J. Richter, R. Löhrer, J. Protze) visiting northern Jordan to survey t...

Banat open-air sites with Early Upper Palaeolithic...

Banat open-air sites with Early Upper Palaeolithic stone artefacts

This year’s fieldwork in Romania (April - May) followed a twofold strategy: the analysis of Upper Palaeolithic stone artefact coll...

Exploring the subsurface – Geophysics in the Azraq...

Exploring the subsurface – Geophysics in the Azraq Basin, Northern Jordan

Non-invasive surface geophysical techniques are a useful tool to investigate the earth’s subsurface structure. In order to identif...

Entering Caves – Archaeological fieldwork starts i...

Entering Caves – Archaeological fieldwork starts in Albania

The territory of Albania is centered directly within the "Eastern Trajectory" of modern human migrations before, during and after...

A workshop through the Last Glacial environment an...

A workshop through the Last Glacial environment and archaeology of the Levante and the Balkans

Between 25th and 28th of November 2012, the RWTH Aachen University was host to 65 experts from 16 countries for a workshop entitle...

Resolving sedimentary deposits in the Azraq Basin/...

Resolving sedimentary deposits in the Azraq Basin/Jordan using non-invasive geophysical techniques

A second geophysical field survey was undertaken in the Azraq Basin in October 2012.  

Oase Rock-Shelter (Romania): First evidence for hu...

Oase Rock-Shelter (Romania): First evidence for human occupation during the Pleistocene

In its second year of archaeological research around the Oase Cave complex (Caraş-Severin, Romania), the German-Romanian excavatio...

Settlement dynamics at the edge of the Pleistocene...

Settlement dynamics at the edge of the Pleistocene in the Near East: Revisiting the site of Taybeh, southern Jordan

During this year's short field campaign, one day was dedicated to revisiting the site of Taybeh 3 near the small village of Taybet...

Between trash and trove. Archaeological research i...

Between trash and trove.  Archaeological research in northeast Serbia

This spring the archaeologists of the University of Cologne and geoscientist from the RWTH Aachen University of the CRC 806 B1 pro...

Six weeks looking for dust in Hungary, Serbia and...

Six weeks looking for dust in Hungary, Serbia and Romania

This spring from 5th April – 17th May geoscientists from the RWTH Aachen University and archaeologists from the University of Colo...

2nd International Workshop on Late Pleistocene and...

2nd International Workshop on Late Pleistocene and Holocene climate variability in the Carpathian-Balkan region

The 2nd International Workshop on Late Pleistocene and Holocene climate variability in the Carpathian-Balkan region took place on...

The 7th Loess Seminar – Kukla Loessfest ‘14

The 7th Loess Seminar – Kukla Loessfest ‘14

The 7th loess seminar LOESSFEST held in memory of one of the greatest loess researchers, namely Georg J. Kukla, took place from 8–...

Raw material survey in Berlin

Raw material survey in Berlin

Renewing the cooperation with the Freie Universität Berlin, Hannah Parow-Souchon of Project B1 met Christoph Purschwitz at Berlin...

A technological analysis of recently excavated arc...

A technological analysis of recently excavated archaeological assemblages of the open-air localities of the Banat (SW-Romania)

During the past month of February, Ine Leonard from B1 project travelled to the town of Tărgovisţe in Romania, 80 km northwest of...

Looking for dust in Serbia - part II - luminescenc...

Looking for dust in Serbia - part II - luminescence at At

A year after our last trip, the B1-geo-team from the RWTH Aachen spent another week in Serbia to continue their investigations at...

Into Jordan 2015

Into Jordan 2015

A joined team of project B1 members of the CRC 806 and the University of Amman executed an excavation campaign at the site of Al-A...

From Jordan into Israel 2015

From Jordan into Israel 2015

At the end of this year’s Jordan campaign, Hannah Parow-Souchon, PhD student of project B1, continued to Israel for additional thr...

Making sense of “Banat flint”. A re-evaluation of...

Making sense of “Banat flint”. A re-evaluation of the raw materials at the early Upper Palaeolithic open-air sites of the Banat (SW-Romania)

The early Upper Palaeolithic raw material records of the Banat are dominated by a rock often referred to as “Banat flint” – what’s...

A week in stormy Aberystwyth discussing luminescen...

A week in stormy Aberystwyth discussing luminescence

This November, PhD student Janina Bösken travelled to the University of Aberystwyth in faraway Wales to attend a workshop about ev...

The estimation of geochemical provenance areas for...

The estimation of geochemical provenance areas for the early Upper Palaeolithic of the Banat (SW-Romania)

Far too often does country- or language-specific nomenclature impede the estimation of the past lithic raw material economy. Sadly...

The 6th annual meeting of the European Society for...

The 6th annual meeting of the European Society for the study of Human Evolution (ESHE) in Alcalá de Henares, Madrid, 14–18 September, 2016

On the 13th of September 2016, Ine Léonard, PhD candidate for the B1 project, travelled to the World Heritage city of Alcalá de He...

 

logo koeln schrift 120x120 transparent

     logo uni bonn 153x40      dfg logo transparent
 

RWTH Aachen University

  logo geoverbund small 2 
logo qsga small new  
QR-Code
     
Copyright © 2018 CRC 806 - Our Way to Europe