The coastal site of Ifri Oudadane is one of the most important sites in the Mediterranean Maghreb. Recent excavations have provided a stratigraphy featuring the transition from Epipalaeolithic hunter-gatherers to Neolithic food producers.

The sedimentological description revealed a change from homogenous sediment to more structured deposits, similar to the so called "fumiers" that are characteristic of animal husbandry in caves and shelters around the Mediterranean.

To describe the nature of the deposits in detail and to determine clear sedimentological boundaries, several micromorphology samples were taken. Within the Early Neolithic deposits coprolites and calcite spherulites testify to the penning of ovicaprides inside the shelter. These sedimentological results could be confirmed by archaeozoological analyses. Furthermore, micromorphological thin sections attest to a change of fuel sources during the transition. Radiocarbon analyses date this change to approx. 7600 calBP. Because of the excellent results, micromorphology samples were also taken from the cave sediments of Ifri n'Etsedda, Ifri n'Ammar and from archaeological open-air sites embedded in the alluvial deposits of the lower Moulouya valley.

C2 Linstaedter-4---Fig-1-lhk 250pxSample-taking by Martin Kehl and Jörg Linstädter at the site of Ifri Oudadane, NE-Morocco.
Photo: Ines Medved
C2 Linstaedter-4---Fig-2-lhk 250px
Micromorphology thin section showing strongly compacted layers, horizontal alignment of mollusc shells, limestone fragments and charcoal pieces.
Photo: Martin Kehl
C2 Linstaedter-4---Fig-3-lhk 250px
Herbivore coprolite composed of plant residues (p) and amorphous organic matter, calcite spherulites (frame width 0.58 mm).
Photo: Martin Kehl

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